1. Kunchikal Falls: Height 455 meters (1,493Feet)
Located in Nidagodu village, near Masthikatte, Shimoga District, Karnataka. The waterfall is from river Varahi. Kunchikal Falls is India’s highest waterfall and ranks 116th in the world. A hydro-electrical plant is built to generate electricity. After the dam is built the water flow is reduced greatly as the water falls into the Mani dam reservoir. The best month to visit the waterfalls is from July to September.
To visit waterfalls you need special permission as there are few restrictions due to the dam built up there. They restrict public drive into the area. To have a pleasant day away from the city busy life you must visit these waterfalls and it is one of the unpolluted areas.
2. Barehipani Falls: Height 399 Metres (1,309 Feet)
Located in Simlipal National Park, Mayurbhanj District, Odisha. The Budhabalanga River flowing over Meghasuni Mountain. The Barehipani falls is a two-tier waterfall which falls in two drops with the height of the tallest drop range is 259 meters. Falls are in Simlipal national park where it is home for Bengal tigers and white tigers and elephants. There are 99 royal Bengal tigers and 432 elephants.
There is another waterfall close to Barehipani palls within the park that is Joranda waterfalls which ranks 19th in India. Best time to visit these places is from November to June.
3. Nohkalikai Falls: Height 340metres (1115 feet)
Located near Cherrapunjee, East Khasi Hills District, Meghalaya. Best time to visit these falls is in Monsoon season. The water from the waterfalls is green in colour and mostly of rain-fed. 10-15 rs is the entrance fee. We should walk for a short distance to reach the viewpoint to watch the beauty of waterfalls. We could reach different viewpoints through the staircase.
There is a legend behind the name of the waterfalls. Noh ka Likai means “the leap of Likai”. Ka likai is a woman who used to live nearby the waterfalls. She became a widow at a young age. She has an infant daughter who requires her attention but to make a living she had to do a porter job. So she used to spend the remaining time with her daughter. After she married another man but the new husband was jealous that his wife paid more attention to the daughter. One day when she went for work he killed her daughter, chopped into pieces and cooked the meat.
When Likai came back she didn’t find her daughter. Assuming that she might be with her father or neighbours she didn’t search. She smelled an aura of cooked meat and ate the meal without knowing what exactly it was. She came to know only when she saw the severed remains of a child’s fingers in her house. By knowing she ate her own daughter’s meat she ran out of the house and jumped into the falls
4. Nohsngithiang Falls or Mawsmai Falls: Height 315 metres (1,033 Feet).
Located at one km away to the south of Mawsmai village in East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya. It is a seven segment falls and also known as Seven Sisters falls or Mawsmai Falls. We must watch when the sunlight strikes the water. It’s an awesome view to watch. Opposite to these waterfalls Mawsmai caves are located, another famous sightseeing in Sohra. The best time to watch these waterfalls is after the monsoons.
5. Dudhsagar Falls: Height 310 metres (1017 feet)
Located between the border of Karnataka and Goa. It is a four-tiered waterfall located on the Mandovi river in the Bhagwan. Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National park. It is a four-tier waterfall and fed by rainwater. ‘Dudhsagar means sea of milk’. As the name says people also believe an allusion to the white spray and foam the falls create when it falls into the lake. There is a legend for this waterfalls i.e. is there used to be a king of Ghats and had a daughter. The princess who is modest and beautiful believes in the purity of mind, heart and body. Every day she used to take bath in the lake near the castle. After the bath, she and her maidens would gather at the shore and the princess would drink a jug of milk.
The jug was made of pure gold and diamonds were laid on it. One day when she was drinking milk a young and handsome prince passing by nearby woods heard the princess and her maidens chatting and laughter. He stopped to see who it was and the princess poured the milk in the jug in the pond to cover her body from the gaze of the stranger and the maidens rushed to cover her. They believe that the milk is still flowing down in the torrents alongside the mountain. The best time to visit the falls is between September to May.
6. Kynrem Falls: Height 305 meters (1,001 Feet)
Located 12 kilometers from Cherrapunji in East Khasi Hills District, Meghalaya. It is a three-tier waterfall inside Thangkharang Park. It is the must and should place to visit during Monsoon season for the best view. These Falls produce the sounds of the water falling down.
7. Meenmutty Falls: Height 300 metres (984 Feet)
Located 29 km from Kalpetta, Wayanad district, Kerala. It is a three-tier waterfall and is away 2km walk through the jungle from Wayanad- Ooty road. Meenmutty in Malayalam means fish (meen) blocked (Mutty). It is highly dangerous during the raining season due to high inflow. There is a minimal entrance fee for the waterfalls for adults and children. And for photography, there is a special fee.
8. Thalaiyar Falls: Height 297 metres (974 feet)
Located in Batlagundu, Dindigul District, Tamilnadu. The falls on Palani Hills can be viewed from Dum Dum Rock viewpoint which is on the road of Kodaikanal. As the water flows from rivers of Tamilnadu, it is better to do not take bath in the river due to pollution. You can also visit places like Manjalar River, Goddess Kamakshi temple which is nearby the falls.
9. Barkana Falls: Height 259 metres (850 Feet)
Located 7kmsfrom the Agumbe village, Shimoga District, Karnataka. Falls are filled by rain fed and it is surrounded by thick forest. It is one of the primary sources for Hydroelectricity. The best time to visit these waterfalls is Monsoon season. The name of Barkana is from the word ‘Bark’’ which means Mouse deer found in that region. Falls is a wonderful destination for trekking.
10. Jog Falls: Height 253 Metres (830 feet)
Located near Jog Village in Sagara Taluk, Shimoga District, Karnataka. The other names of Jog Falls are Gerusoppe Falls, Joga jalapatha and Jogada Gundi. The waterfalls cascade into four namely Raja, Rani, Roarer and Rocket. The best time to visit these falls is between the months of August to December. Nearby the waterfall Liganmakki Dam is located across river Sharavathi. The dam also serves a hydroelectric power station which has been operational since 1949. It produces 1200 MW capacity and an important source of power for Karnataka. The power station is also one of the largest hydroelectric stations in India. Previously the dam was called a Rajendra Hydroelectric project which is the name of the king of Mysore at that time. Later it was changed to Mahatma Gandhi Hydroelectric project.